If you have diabetes, there are certain warning signs and symptoms that indicate you should seek medical prompt care for your condition.
In contrast, for those who are concerned about developing type 2 diabetes, the condition can be “silent,” at first, or without any marked symptoms, which is why regular screening for prediabetes and diabetes at your doctor’s office is so important.
The following symptoms are possible in type 1 and type 2 diabetes, however they are more common in the onset of type 1 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the goal is to detect prediabetes or catch new cases of type 2 diabetes early, through screening, before the following symptoms arise:
Weight loss
Excessive thirst
Excessive urination
Blurred vision
If you already have diabetes and are on a medication that can cause low blood sugar, or hypoglycemia, you should also be aware of those warning symptoms. Severe hypoglycemia has the potential to cause accidents and falls, coma and even death.
Forms of Diabetes:
There are four basic categories of diabetes, otherwise known as type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, prediabetes, and gestational diabetes. All of these forms of have in common a reduced ability to process blood sugar effectively, leading to abnormalities in the blood that can be detected. About 29.1 million people in the United States have diabetes, and about 86 million have prediabetes.
Type 1 Diabetes:
Type 1 diabetes, a less common form than type 2, is an autoimmune disease where the body destroys the beta cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. In a person with type 1 diabetes, little if any insulin is being produced. It is not preventable, or curable yet. The cause is unknown, but genetics can play a role. People with type 1 diabetes need to be on insulin.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that causes the body to be less effective at processing blood sugar, or glucose. Type 2 Diabetes occurs when the body resists the action of insulin and/or doesn’t produce enough of it. Many people with type 2 diabetes also struggle with overweight and obesity. Many people with type 2 diabetes may eventually need to be on insulin, but this is not typically the case early on in type 2 diabetes.
There is often a progression from prediabetes to type 2 diabetes. Prediabetes is not associated with any hallmark symptoms. Rather, it is detected by blood tests. Diabetes may produce symptoms such as those that follow, however it is very easy for a person to have diabetes and not know it. Often the symptoms below develop very gradually, as blood sugar levels become more and more out of control.
Gestational Diabetes:
Gestational diabetes is diabetes that develops during pregnancy, often around the 24th week of pregnancy. Many women develop gestational diabetes during pregnancy and it does not indicate that you had diabetes before you conceived. It also does not necessarily mean that you will develop type 2 diabetes later on, after delivery, or in the near future. It is, however, important to follow your doctor’s recommendations about your blood glucose levels during pregnancy, for your health and the health of your child. Because women with a history of gestational diabetes may develop type 2 diabetes later, it’s recommended that you get checked for type 2 diabetes every 1–3 years.
Diabetes-friendly Foods:
People with diabetes are often advised to stay away from foods that are high in white flour, such as white bread, also white rice and anything with a lot of sugar. Instead, they are encouraged to eat lean meats, fish, poultry, non-starchy vegetables, whole grains, fruits and beans. A variety of meal planning techniques are available to help you control your blood sugar levels.
Diabetes Complications – Effects on Your Body:
Poor control of blood sugar levels contributes to a range of problems over time, including heart disease, stroke, kidney problems, damage to nerves, and poor healing of wounds. It can also take your eyesight, owing to effects on the retina of your eyes. All of these potential complications of diabetes highlight the importance of prevention. With good control of your blood glucose levels, your risk for many of the conditions associated with diabetes can be significantly cut.


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